A brief study on the Pandiyas (Paandiyar) of the "third Sangam" Period of Tamil Nadu
(1) The destruction of Kapaadapuram of Pandiya country by a great sea erosion (Tsunami)
With the region of Kapaadapuram which was situated on the east of present Rameswarem district of Tamil Nadu in the Indian mainland adjacent to the sea, being destroyed in a great Sea Erosion (Aalip Peralai = Tsunami) around but after B.C.342.
The last king of the Paandiya country at the time of the great sea erosion of Kapadapuram was Muudath ThiruMaaran, who escaped from the disaster and came towards the central region of the Paandiyan country, and built his new capital city the present Mathurai of Tamil Nadu. He re-establised the Third Thamil Sangam in this region. However this Sangam only lasted until the time of the Paandiyan king Ukkirap Peruvaluthi as an organised institution with many Poets from various parts of Tamil Nadu doing Tamil Language and Literary studies and composing many Tamil literary and poetic compositions under the royal patronage of Paandiyan kings.
This first king of Paandiya country with the new capital city at the (second) Mathurai was Mudath Thirumaaran.
(1) Muudath Thirumaaran
Ukkirap Perruvalthi (last king)