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Thread: Preserve the Historic Temple "Panchavan Madevi Iswaram" built by Rajendra Chola - 1

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    Preserve the Historic Temple "Panchavan Mathevi Iswaram" built by Rajendra Chola - 1


    Preserve the Historic Temple "Panchavan Mathevi (Madevi) Iswaram" built by Rajendra Chola - 1 (A.D.1012-1044)

    The Tamil Emperor Rajendra Chola's mother was Vaanavan Madeviyaar. She was the second Queen of Rajaraja Chola - 1 father of Rajendra Chola - 1. Rajaraja Chola - 1's first Queen and Pattamahishi was Panchavan Mathevi. She has been a Dance Performing Artist (Nakkan) with the original name as Nakkan 'Thillaiyalagiyaar' and was the daughter of Avanikandarppapurattu Paluvettaraiyar - Chieftain of Paluvur, of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. Rajaraja Chola - 1 (Arumolivarman) married her when he was only a heir to the Chola throne, and after Rajaraja ascended the Chola throne she was given the name as 'Panchavan Mathevi' and a special name as 'Chola Matheviyar'. On sequencing all Inscriptions of Rajaraja Chola - 1 in order of his regnal years it is very clear that the 'Queen Chola Matheviyar alias Panchavan Mathevi' has been his first Queen since he ascended the Chola throne in A.D.985 and undoubtedly has been the "Patta Mahishi" of Rajaraja Chola - 1. She was provided with two Servents Guild(Velam) known as Kothandarama Velam and Saththurubayangara-terinda Velam to be at her immediate services.

    Panchavan Mathevi didnot have any off-spring by Rajaraja Chola - 1. Hence she adored very much the Rajendra Chola - 1 son of Vaanavan Mathevi the second Queen of Rajaraja Chola - 1 as determined on sequencing all his Inscriptions in order of regnal years. Like wise Rajendra Chola - 1 too had very much respect to his step-mother (Periya Annaiyaar) Panchavan Mathevi. She in the year A.D.995 gifted a gold image of Siva & Sakthi known as 'Umasahithar' to the temple of Thiruvidaimaruther. She further in the year A.D.1001 granted Tax-Free Land to the Temple as Thiruppugalur for festivities and offerings on the Sadaiyam day the nativity of Rajaraja Chola - 1 and her nativity day every month.

    The construction of Pallippadai temple for Panchavan Maatheviyaar by Rajendra Chola - 1

    Rajaraja Chola's chief queen (pattamahishi) Panchavan Maatheviyaar with no off-spring by Rajaraja Chola - 1 showed much love and affection to Rajendra Chola - 1 the son of Rajaraja by his second queen Thiribhuvanamaathevi alias Vaanavan Maatheviyaar. This relationship paved way for Rajendra Chola's special regard and devotion towards Panchavan Maatheviyaar his "Periya Annai", and on her death in the year A.D.1019 he built a "Pallippadai temple" named 'Panchavan Maathevieswarem' at Palaiyaarai alias Mudikonda Cholapuram in the present Thanjavur district in Tamil Nadu. Rajendra Chola

    The above are confirmed by the following References:

    "(In the seventh year of Rajendra Chola - 1).....Land for worship and offerings to God in the Panchavan Maathevieswaram built as Pallippadai at Palaiyaaru alias Mudikonda Cholapuram in Thirunaraiyur Nadu, a sub-division of Ksatriya Sikamanai Valanadu........Lakulisvara Panditha who supervised the affairs of the temple......"
    Inscription on the walls of Ramanathan Koyil in Palaiyaarai in Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu
    Annual Report on South Indian Epigraphy - Year 1927, Inscription No: 271






    From the above Video we note of another information provided by the Temple Officers that there had been a mandapam in a highly dilapidated state and this mandapam and the Pallippadai of (Periya) Kundavi Naachchiyaar the elder sister of Rajaraja Chola - 1 both were brought down quite some years back, and the area where the Pallipadai mound stood could be still demarcated by them. Further research has to be done on same.

    Addenda - Details of Inscriptions on Panchavan Madeviyar - Patta Mahishi of Rajaraja - 1

    third year

    "…..CholaMadeviyar alias PanchavanMadeviyar queen of Mummudichola
    …..(Rajaraja – 1)….."

    Inscription No 294 of 1906 from Thirumaalpuram

    third year

    "…..PanchavanMadeviyar queen of Mummudichola……"

    Inscription No 147 of 1918 from Thiruvaiyaaru

    nineth year

    "….Nam Piraattiyaar Sri Panchavan Mahadeviyaar provided gold
    ornamants to Goddess Uma bhattarak(aal)i….."

    Inscription No 278 of 1907 from Thiruvidaimaruthur

    tenth year

    "…..Queen Panchavan Mahadevi provided a gold image of
    Umasahithar……"

    Inscription No 254 of 1907 from Thiruvidaimaruthur



    Last edited by virarajendra; 2nd June 2018 at 06:02 PM.

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    A brief study on the Queens and the "PattaMahishi" of Rajaraja
    Chola - 1

    TheEmperor Rajaraja Chola - 1 (A.D.985-1014) had many Queens during his
    period ofrule of the Chola Empire. The effort is made to make a very
    brief study on themand to acertain his "Patta Mahishi" at the
    time he ascended the throne in theyear A.D.985

    Thelist below provides the names of the Queens of Rajaraja Chola - 1 as
    noted fromhis Inscriptions, and are sequenced in the "order of the
    year of his rule" forour study.

    third year

    "…..CholaMadeviyar alias PanchavanMadeviyar queen of Mummudichola
    …..(Rajaraja – 1)….."

    Inscription No 294 of 1906 from Thirumaalpuram

    third year

    "…..PanchavanMadeviyar queen of Mummudichola……"

    Inscription No 147 of 1918 from Thiruvaiyaaru

    fourth year

    "…Udaiya Piraattiyaar Thambiranadigal Vanavan Madeviyaar alias
    Thiribuvanamaadeviyaar, the mother of Sri Rajendra Chola Devar and the
    Queen of Sri Rajarajadeva (Rajaraja – 1)

    Inscription No 117-A of 1896 SII - V No 982 fromThiruvenkaadu

    fifth year

    "…..Queenof Rajarajadeva by name Vattan Kaadan
    Tongiyaar….."

    Inscription No 19 of 1907 from Thiruvisalur

    nineth year

    "……Queen Uloka Mahadeviyaar….."

    Inscription No 239 of 1902 EI VII page 144 from Kiluur

    nineth year

    "….Nam Piraattiyaar Sri Panchavan Mahadeviyaar provided gold
    ornamants to Goddess Uma bhattarak(aal)i….."

    Inscription No 278 of 1907 from Thiruvidaimaruthur

    tenth year

    "…..Queen Panchavan Mahadevi provided a gold image of
    Umasahithar……"

    Inscription No 254 of 1907 from Thiruvidaimaruthur

    sixteenth year

    "…..tax free grant of land by NakkanThillaiyalagiyaar alias
    Panchavan Mahadeviyaar queen of Rajaraja for festival and offerings on
    the day of Sadayam every month….."

    Inscription No 47 of 1928 from Thiruppugalur

    seventeenth year

    "…..Queen Thennavan Mahadevi….."

    Inscription No 123 of 1895 SII V 684 from Thiruppalanam

    eighteenth year

    "…..Nampiraatiyaar Sembiyan Mukkokkilaan Adigal alias Kannara Nacci
    Pidara Nangai ….."

    Inscription No 139 of 1923 from Arpaakkam

    nineteenth year

    "…..QueenKuttan Viranaaraayaniyaar alias CholaMahadeviyaar
    ….."

    Inscription No 112 of 1896 SII – V No 975

    twentieth year

    "…..Nampiraattiyar Thiththaipiraan Therumanaar alias Chola
    Mahadeviyaar ….."

    Inscription No 111 of 1896 SII – V No 974 from Thiruvenkaadu

    twentyfirst year

    "…..remission of taxes granted to the temple by King and Queen
    Panchavan Mahadeviyar for special worship every month on the Sathaiyam
    day……"

    Inscription No 54 of 1928 from Thiruppuhalur

    twentyfirst year

    "…..Temple Lokamahadeviswaram built by the Queen of Rajaraja
    Dantisakthi Vitanki alias Loka Mahadevi……"

    Inscription No 219 of 1894 SII V 518 from Thiruvaiyaaru

    twentythird year

    "…..Queen Panchavan Mahadeviyar……"

    Inscription No 62 of 1928 from Thiruppuhalur

    twentyfourth year

    "…..Uttarakailasa shrine in the temple was founded by Dantisakthi
    Vitanki and was called Loca Mahadevieswaram……"

    Inscription No 222 of 1894 SII V 521 from Thiruvaiyaaru

    twentyfourth year

    "…..Ornaments and land to the same shrine founded by
    DantisakthiVitanki….."

    Inscription No 155, 156 of 1918 from Thiruvaiyaaru

    twentyfifth year

    "…..Nampiraatiyaar Uloga Mahadeviyaar……"

    Inscription No 624-A of 1902 SII VIII 223 from Thiruvalamjuli

    twentyfifth year

    "…..Rajaraja's queen Dantisakthi Vitanki alias Loka Mahadevi
    (at the Thiruvalamjuli temple built by him)……"

    Inscription No 633 of 1902 SII VIII 224 from Thiruvalamjuli

    twentyfifth year

    "…..Queen Vanavan Madeviyaar aliasThiribhuvanamadeviyaar……"

    Inscription No 442 of 1918 from Thiruvenkaadu

    twentysixth year

    "…Land by Udaiya Piraattiyaar (Vanavan Madeviyaar)….."

    Inscription No 624 of 1909 from Konerirajapuram

    twentyseventh year

    "……QueenNakkan Panchavan Mahadevi……"

    Inscription No 385 of 1924 of Melapaluvur

    twentyseventh year

    "……Queen Nakkan Panchavan Mahadevi……"

    Inscription No 385 of 1924 of Melapaluvur

    twentyseventh year

    "……Queen Ilangon Pichchi the senior Queen of
    Solapperumaan….."

    Inscription No 14 of 1920 of Thirumalavadi

    twentyseventh year

    "……Queen Nakkan Arumoli alias Pirithi(vi) Madeviyar……"

    InscriptionNo 455 of 1908 from Uyyakkondan

    twentyeighth year

    "……Queen Vemban Sirudaiyaar alias Minavan Mahadeviyar queen of
    Rajarajadeva….."

    Inscription No 301 of 1908 of Thirukkalittatttai

    twentyeighth year

    "……Queen Villavan Mahadeviyar…. .."

    Inscription No 117 of 1896 of Thiruvenkadu SII V 981

    twentynineth year

    "……'hemagarba' by the Queen DantisakthiVitankiyar alias
    Lokamahadeviyaar……"

    Inscription No 42 of 1907 from Thiruvisalur

    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Panchavan Mahadevi sets up images of Thanjaialagar, Uma,
    and Ganapathi and presents (jewellery) ornaments……"

    Inscription No 111 of 1888 from Thanjavur


    (Inside Prakara, firstniche, fourth & fifth pillars and second niche)


    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Panchavan Mahadevi sets up copper image of
    Pathanjalideva……"

    Inscription No 113 of 1888 from Thanjavur

    (Inside Prakara, north,seventh pillar)


    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Loka Mahadevi sets up copper image of Adavallar and his
    consort and presented (jewellery) ornaments ……"

    Inscription No 102 of 1888 from Thanjavur

    (Inside Prakara, west,second niche and nineth pillar)


    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Abhimanavalli sets up images of Siva, Brahma,
    Vishnu……"

    Inscription No 103 of 1888 from Thanjavur

    (Inside Prakara, west,tenth pillar)


    twentynineth year

    "……Queen (Kuttan Viranaaraayaniyaar) CholaMahadevi sets up images
    of Siva, Uma and Ganapathi and presented (jewellery)
    ornaments….."

    Inscription No 105 of 1888 from Thanjavur

    (Inside Prakara, west,third niche, eleventh & twelveth pillars and
    fourth niche)


    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Thirailoakya Mahadevi sets up images of Kalyanasundara,
    Uma, Vishnu,Brahma etc and presented (jewellery) ornaments for the first
    two….."

    Inscription No 107 of 1888 from Thanjavur

    (Inside Prakara, west,fifth niche & fourteenth pillar)


    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Pirithivi Madeviyar set up a copper image of
    Srikanthamurthigal and presented some ornaments……"

    InscriptionNo 27 of 1897 from Thanjavur

    (On a pillar in thesouth enclosure)

    twentynineth year

    "……Queen Pirithivi Madeviyar provides money infavour of
    Srikanthamurthigal set up by her……"

    Inscription No 29 of 1897 from Thanjavur

    Hence I am of the opinion that it was Panchavanmadeviyar who
    figures the earliest among the Queens in the inscriptions of RajarajaChola -1
    being in his third year - was his "Patta Mahishi" or Chief Queen at the
    time he became the Chola king in the year A.D.985.
    Last edited by virarajendra; 4th September 2017 at 10:11 PM.

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